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    9,5 mm Projectors Page 1               pages:  (1)   (2)   (3)   (4)   (5)
 Eumig Model - P1 - 1599    Pathescope Son MK-2     Ercsam Model Malex     Cine GEL Royal       Pathe Baby 60   Ercsam Model Senior M50    Pathe Baby 53 (2)
   Pathescope Ace 9,5 mm      Lapierre Model RL50         Sadar Handy - 2 proj.     Pathe Baby Vox    Pathescope Ace Motor version          Keystone E-948/2
  Royal Cine GEL


Eumig -  Model P1 – 1599;
Motor – 1410
Production numbers:


Eumig 9,5mm P1 projector 2 - silent for web






Pathe Baby 60 - 9,5 mm
The projector features:
- Built into half of case;
- 400 ft spool capacity;
- Spring belt driven taken-up;
- Mains voltage 500 W lamp;
- Gate has front sprung, fixed edge guides, hinges open on outside;
- Claw engages perforation + 1 and + 2, the former driving with undamaged film;
- Non-optical framing;
- Two twelve tooth sprockets with jointed clip retainers;
- Power rewind;
- Separate lamp and motor switch.
Silent projector. Made in France.  Production No 025608.


Pathe Baby 60 9,5mm silent for web






Pathescope Ace - 9,5 mm - Made in UK
Silent projector


Ace 9,5 mm projector silent for web






Pathescope Ace - 9,5 mm - Made in UK
The projector features:
- Motor driven version;
- Cast and pressed construction;
- 400 ft spool arms;
- Belt driven take-up;
- 20v/20w lamp, fed from a transformer for 200-250v mains;
- Gate has fixed edge guides;
- No framing;
- Shutter has three unequal blades (67% transmission);
- No sprockets;
- Hand rewind.
Silent projector.


Ace 9,5mm 10% for web






Pathescope Son MK-2 / 9.5 mm Sound projector
The projector was produced in March 1951 model MK-1 with Octal valves. In about 1953 was introduced model marked MK-2 with miniature valves and a switch to cut off exciter lamp.
The projector Pathescope Son was based on the Gem projector. It was a adaptation of the GEM for sound- a sound head and amplifier; adding the base underneath the projector. The sound head is situated underneath the lamp house, and the amplifier is incorporated in the base casing beneath the projector’s picture mechanism. The Gem projector was designed in 1939, but it was not sold until 1948.

                     Pathescope GEM;10%
Pict 1; Projector  Pathescope GEM, silent film projector 9,5 mm; Picture from catalogue “Pathescope”  in our collection

It was manufactured two models - MK-1 and MK-2. The Son projector was produced for amateur use and amateur’s pocket. The price was astonishingly low for that time - 78.
The projector is for silent and optical  sound films.
The projector spool capacity is 900 feet.
The projector with three blades shutter gives virtually flicker less pictures.  The gate opened a full  180
for threading and cleaning. The gate is swing-back type. 

   Pathescope Son 9,5 mm 10% spools Pathescope Son 9,5 mm; back side;10%
Pict 2; Pathescope Son projector in our collection; © Anna Vacani
The body
The projector body and removable spool arm are die cast construction, finished in black crackle paint.
- Lens
The projector is fitted with standard lens 32 mm f2. It was available alternative lenses; 26 mm; 38 mm; 45 mm; 60 mm. The lens is uncoated.
- Lamp
The projector is fitted with 12v. 100w. Al/186 lamps with the Pathe “T” piece. The lamp can be replaced with the tungsten halogen(T.H.)  Al/215 12v. 100 w. lamp - all that is required is that the lamp holder be replaced with one of the special two pin T.H. holders. It is also desirable to deflect some of the direct cooling air from the fan, to avoid overcooling the T.H. lamp, which works at a high temperature.
- Motor
The projector is designed for use A.C. mains - 200/250 volts. The motor speed is controlled by an electrical governor which came into action when the motor is running at about 24 fps. Speed control from 10 fps to fixed speed of 24 fps. The projector is fitted with separate switches for lamp amplifier and motor. The projector lamp must not to be switch on before the motor is running at a sufficient speed to cool the lamp efficiently.

        Pathescope Son 9,5 mm 10% switches
   Pict 3; Pathescope Son projector in our collection; all switches; © Anna Vacani

- Sprockets
The single sprocket is located behind the very compact lamp house. It serves both to feed film to the gate and to pull it through the sound head.
- The film loading
Before threading the film fit the spool arms into position. Unscrew the nut holding the spool arm and reverse the arms with the spool spindles facing the front of the projector (Pict 2 & 5 & 10). Place the belts on their respective pulleys; the wire belt (take-up) to the rear large pulley - not twisted. The rubber belt (rewind) to the front small inside pulley.
                             Pathescope Son 9,5 mm 8% pulley
  Pict 4; Pathescope Son projector in our collection; © Anna Vacani
         - Connecting to the Mains Supply;
First be sure that all switches are in the off position (Pict 3). Insert the speaker plug (at rear of the projector). Switch No. 22 controls the amplifier and it is possible to switch of by projecting a silent film. The mains lead can now be connected to your mains supply. The projector can now be tested for circuit. See controlling switches;
 - switch on motor and sound switches,
 - move the motor speed control arm (Pict 10) to the off position (to the left). This decreases the speed and finally switches off the motor. Switch off exciter lamp  - this feature is fitted only with model MK2.

                       Pathescope Son 9,5 mm;30%
Pict 5; All features of the Pathescope Son projector; instruction book in our collection 

 Thread the film as it is showing in schematic below:
                                                                          Pathescope Son 9,5 mm 14% threading
                                                    Pict 6; Pathescope Son projector - threading film; © Anna Vacani  
In the instruction is showing the path of sound film - black line and silent film - the broken line.
 - Treading for sounds films
Place the full reel on the front spindle (No.1 - Pict 5) with emulsion inwards and sound track on the outside edge. Pull a proper length of the film for threading (about 2 ft. 6 ins).  Made sufficient loop. Open the gate and turn the mechanism knob No.7, anti-clockwise until the claws are protruding into the film guideway. Engage the film and close the gate. Open the sprocket guard by pushing knob No.25 forward. Transfer the film at the bottom of the gate through the sound head system through the gate rollers on to the sprocket. The sprocket guide knob can then be returned to its original position. Check that the film is threaded as it is on the diagram above.

We can learn from the book
“The Home Cinema Classic Home Movie Projectors 1922-1940” by Gerald McKee -“The sound drum is on the same shaft as a smoothing flywheel, the film held in contact with the drum by a sprung roller. Hum from the exciter lamp is avoided by using one with a thick (high amperage) filament. It has a Leech optical system, with lateral adjustment of the slit - via a milled wheel - to obtain optimum results from the track in use. The modulated light from the scanning point is carried by a Perspex rod (a kind of “fibre optic”) to the photocell.”
 For the playing of sound films there is a adjustment to control the position of the scanning slit light -  No.12 & 13.

 Pathescope Son 9,5 mm; lightening instr12% Pathescope Son 9,5 mm; photo cell;10% Pathescope Son 9,5 mm; photo cell ;8%
                              Pict.7; Sound reader lens and photo cell type - GS 52, in our collection; © Anna Vacani

  - Threading for silent films
 The film should be placed on with emulsion facing outwards. The sound mask  must be adjust to full aperture.
                   Pathescope Son 9,5 mm;gate 12%            Pathescope Son 9,5 mm exciter lamp; 8%
 Pict. 8; Sound mask © Anna Vacani           Pict. 9; exciter bulb G/36, 6 V, 30W, in our collection;© Anna Vacani

Thread the film as previously described - above and below the gate, as it shows the broken line. Do not pass over scanning drum. This time the take-up belt is twisted!
   - Projection
When a film is threaded, move the motor control arm across to maximum position, then switch on the exciter lamp for showing a sound film (Pict 8 & 9).

Projecting the film it has to be adjusted the speed of the motor by the speed control arm (Pict. 9). 
Turn the lens mount until the correct focus is obtain. To centre the projected picture adjust the movable feet (No.15) and correct framing with framing lever (No.4). Adjust volume playing the sound film (No.16) and tone (No.17).
- Tilt
The front legs of the projector are adjustable for tilting the projector. 
Measurements of the projector
The projector measurements: when packed 10 1/2” (0.2667 m) x 14” (0.3556 m) x 16” (0.4064 m).
The amplifier
The amplifier gives 5 watts undistorted output. P.M. 10” Loud Speaker with 20 ft cable. Separate volume and tone controls. It has separate knobs. The amplifier has to be warm up, before the films projection, to prevent missing  the sound on the beginning of the film. It seems preferable to leave the motor turning over slowly whenever the amplifier is on, to maintain a current of air through it.
The projector and speaker are contained in one carrying case. During the transport the loud speaker is covered with a circular plate.

                                               Pathescope Son, ampl 8%

Pathescope Son 9,5 mm; in box12% Pathescope Son 9,5 mm 8% speaker2
    Pict 10; Pathescope Son projector in our collection; amplifier and loud speaker; © Anna Vacani

Packed away, the weight of the projector and case is 36 lb (15.87 kg).

The projector was built down to sale for small cost and it caused a lot of problems. This projector model sufferers from weak motor. And too high speed claw mechanism, a poor film path to the bottom of the sprocket, which can damage film. Over hitting of the projector model mark MK-1 amplifier.  Motor speed regulator can give problems. And not very good projection lens.

The description is based on partially on ACW test report; instruction book, “The Home Cinema Classic Home Movie Projectors 1922-1940” by Gerald McKee, and our experience.


Pathescope Son 9,5 mm opt sound for web






Lapierre RL50 / 1950 /220 v
The body construction is mostly of pressed metal.
Made in France.



Lappierre 9,5mm Type RL50 silent for web






Keystone E-948/2 - 9.5mm / Made in USA / Model No: 948/2 /
Manufactured by Keystone Manufacturing Company, Boston, USA /  - Possibly before 1936


Keystone 9,5mm&16mm (2) silent for web






Ercsam - Model - Malex 9.5 mm /
The projector features;
- Lamp 110v/500w;
- Lens: Cinor projection 1:1.5 F=35mm Som Berthiot;
- Motor 110v;
- Variable speed;
- 400 ft spools;
Production No: 55164


Ercsam Malex 9,5mm silent for web






Ercsam - Model - Senior M50 / 9.5 mm /
The projector features:
- Lens: Cinor projection 1:1.5 F=50mm Som Berthiot, Paris;
- Motor 110 v;
- Lamp 110v/500w;
- Variable speed;
- 400 ft spool
Production No: P 0960


Ercsam Senior M50 9,5mm (3) silent for web






Sadar Handy - 9.5mm / 5W


Sadar Handy 9,5mm bikielit (broken base) silent for web






Sadar Handy - 9.5 mm / 5W /
Lens: Pathe 1:1.9 F=3.5mm -
Made in France


Sedar Handy 9,5mm for web






Royal Cine GEL - Made in France / 9.5  /
The projector features:
- Variable speed;
- Lens: H.ROUSSEL PARISKYLUX 1:1.6 - F35;
- Motor 110v;
- Lamp 130v 300 W
- 300 ft spools.
Production No: 6860. Silent projector.


Royal Cine Gel 9,5mmNo pr 6860 for web






Cine GEL Royal - Made in France
The projector features:
- Lens: Som Berthiot Paris Cinor 1:1,5 f=40mm;
- Dual voltage 110 - 220;
- Variable speed;
Silent projector. Made in France.
Serial production number: 18219.


9,5mm Cine Gel No18219 (2) 12% for web






Pathe Baby 53 - 9.5mm
The projector Made in France ca 1953 by S.C.I. Pathe, and it was not sold on the English market. It is very nicely design, as a projector is lightweight and easy to carry. The body is made from two materials - metal and wood. The front part containing all the mechanisms is made of die casting with brown Hammer enamel finish.
The projector has 400 ft folded spool arms.
The projector dimensions: 27,5 x 27,5 x 18 mm; weight 4 kg 600
The projector has many smart features. One of them is a device to adjust the height of the front of the projector. You must turn the screw and a tiny feet underneath of the projector is coming out.

   Pathe Baby53; 9,5mm No 070608; 12% front mechanisms   Pathe Baby53; 9,5mm No 070608; 8% underneath

The spring take up belt is stored underneath of the projector. The bottom cover is perforated for additional cooling of the motor.
The projector features
 - lens; 35 mm focal lens; aperture 1,7; the lens is bloomed
 - Lamp 120v/ 200w - in our projector; it can take 300 w as well;
 - Powerful motor used on current 125 v;
 - Veritable speed 12 - 24 frames per second; optical framing control (black lever - in the Pict below); speed control knob (brown knob in the Pict.)

   Pathe Baby53; 9,5mm No 070608; 8% gate  Pathe Baby53; 9,5mm No 070608; gate mech10%
 - stainless still film gate
 - double claw movement; twin sprockets film transport; inching knob on the projector main shaft;

        Pathe Baby53; 9,5mm No 070608; 8% front          Pathe Baby53; 9,5mm No 070608; 10%
 - separate lamp and motor switches;
 - three blades shutter;
 - fold away rewind handle on take up spool shaft; - Like most of
Joinville types of the projectors, the production number is under the top spool arm.
 - Silent projector very good constructed.

 Pathe Baby 53; 9,5mm No070608 handl;10% Pathe Baby53; 9,5mm No 070608; 8% prod no
  Production No: 070608








Pathe Baby 53 - 9.5mm
The features of the projector are the same as above:
The smaller and cheaper version of Joinville projector.
The projector features:
- Variable speed 12-24 fps;
- Lamp 120v/ 300 w;
- 400 ft spool;
- 35 mm focal lens;
- 120 v motor;
- Double claw movement;
- Three blades shutter;
Made in France - Paris  Joinville, by
S.C.I. Pathe.
Production No: 070842


Pathe Baby 53, 9,5mm No 070842 for web






Pathe Baby Vox /
Pathe of France had demonstrated the VOX 9,5 mm sound at the Paris Exposition in February, 1937.
The first sound projector 9,5 mm made.
The projector features:
- Synchronous motor gear driven;
- 110 or 130v motor and amplifier;
- Mains energized loud speaker;
- Lamp 15v/200w;
- Two speeds: 16, 24 fps;
- 900 ft spools;
- 32 focal mm /f 1:1,6 projector lens
Made in France / Production No: 1490 S.


Pathe Baby Vox 9,5mm No 1490 S for web






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