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Zeiss Projectors    Zeiss Ikon Model W26615 - 16 mm       Zeiss Ikon Movilux 8 mm - 1959    Zeiss Ikon Kinox N375 - 16 mm
                                                                         Zeiss Ikon Kinox W38553 - 16 mm        Zeiss Ikon 16 mm - 1943 (Fl.)       Zeiss Ikon 16 mm - 1943

    Zeiss Ikon Kinox S 16 mm 1939    Carl Zeiss Jena Model SK16 -16 mm       Carl Zeiss Jena TK Model 16/501/A        Carl Zeiss Jena 16 mm Sound projector


A short history of  the Company Carl Zeiss cine cameras

The Internationale Camera Actiengesellschaft (ICA)was founded in 1909 through the fusion of the following four photo companies in Dresden:
 -  Hüttig AG,
 -  Kamerawerk Dr. Krügener,
 -  Wünsche AG, 
 - and Zeiss-Palmos Camerabau.
The Company group Zeiss Ikon (ZI, Zeiss IKON AG) was founded in autumn 1926 through the fusion of the following German Camera Manufacturers:
 - Internationale Camera Actiengesellschaft (ICA),Dresden,
 - Optische Anstalt C. P. Goerz, Berlin,
 - Contessa-Nettel, Stuttgart, ( In 1920 fusion of: Nettel Camerawerk, Sontheim, and Contessa Camerawerk, Stuttgar as Contessa-Nettel AG, Stuttgar),
 - Ernemann-Werke, Dresden,
 The Carl Zeiss was the Owner of the Zeiss Ikon company, and was the instigator of the fusion. A few years later in 1927 & 1928 the following companies merged into the Zeiss IKON AG Group:
 - AG Hahn für Optik und Mechanik, Kassel (1927),
 - Goerz Photochemische Werke, Berlin (1928).

The Zeiss IKON AG was based in Stuttgart and Berlin, and the headquarters of Zeiss IKON AG was in Dresden.



Factory Zeiss Ikon for web



                          This picture was taken inside the Zeiss Ikon A.-G., Dresden factory, in 1934.
           Photo courtesy of “picture and Sound” magazine issue No 4 published in 1934 (in our collection).



Zeiss Ikon - Model W26615 - 16 mm Projector  / - omz 0 to 136 / Power 110 to 250 / Lamp 100w  First model from Zeiss. The projector came to the market in 1931.
The spool capacity is 120 m of film.
Production numbers: 21685.


Zeiss Ikon 16 mm W26615 for web






Carl Zeiss Jena - Model SK16 - 16 mm silent / 
 - Kipronar lens 1:1,4 / F=50mm
Production No: 41472


Carl Zeiss Jena 16mm silent W41472 (2) for web






Carl Zeiss Jena-TK Model 16/501/A -16 mm - Sound /
 - Lens: Carl Zeiss Jena; Kipronar 1:1,4;  F=50mm T. The lens is coated.
Production No 71732.


Carl Zeiss Jena 16mm sound for web






Carl Zeiss Jena Projector 16 mm - Sound -1950s Green 
 - Lens Carl Zeiss Jena - Prokinar 1,4/35T. The lens is coated.
Production No: 79268 / (1) 37-259-1001 /


Carl Zeiss Jena 16mm sound No79268 for web






Zeiss Ikon-8 mm  Model: Movilux - 1959-early 1959 on sale in Germany
Made in Germany by Zeiss Ikon AG.
The projector looks like a small neat suitcase, extremely small - only 7 x 10 in. It is built into one half of a die-cast case. A protecting covers are made from plastic. The covers were produced in four colours: white, blue, light red and green. Our projector is in green.
It is the first model of Movilux, only three buttons are fitted with toggle switch: 1. off, 2. on with illumination 3. and on without light. Later models were fettled with four plastic buttons in three colours.
 - Lens: Carl Zeiss Nr 2674822 P-Sonar 1:1,3 f=20 mm ;- multicoated; the projection lens is from 6- elements;
 - Lamp 8v 50 w;
 - speeds: 16, 18 and 24 frames per second;
 - synchronous motor; noiseless constant speed; lubrication is not required as the mechanism is provided with a permanent lubrication system;
 - The front half of the gate is sprung, and there is fixed edge guiding on the non perforated side; the front part can be removed, complete with lens, for cleaning;
 - The claw engages perforation 2; the two 12-tooth sprockets have fixed roller type retainers;
 - The spool arms, which fold over for storage, have capacity 400 ft;
 - the spool arms are ready for projection after unscrewing the top screw and fitted vertically; the film is running from supply spool under the lamp house to take up spool.
 - The transformer is tapped for 110; 125; 150; 220; and 240 mains
Production No 36.0031/P 82819.


Zeiss Ikon Movilux 8mm 15%for web






Zeiss Ikon - Kinox Model N375  - 16 mm silent - 1937
 - Model No: W431
 - Lens Kinostar / = S1:1,8 F=5cm
 - Ext motor 100/140V  /  210/250V
 - Lamp 75V - 375W /
Production No: 1558/50


Zeiss Ikon-Kinox 16mm W437 for web






Zeiss Ikon Kinox - Model W38553 - 1935 16 mm
 The projector is made in the form of a suitcase, self contained. The lamp when out of use is inside the casing.
The projector features:
- Lens Proj-Anastigmat ‘’Alinar”’ 1:1,4 - F=5cm.
 - Micrometer focusing;
 - Shows stills;
 - Motor air blower provides ample cooling;
 - Lamp fitting 375 Watts;
 - Power 110 to 220;
 - Reverse projection at will.
The model came to the market in 1932.


Zeiss Ikon 16mm W38553 (2) for web






Zeiss Ikon Kinox S 16 mm -  1943 (Fl.)
Production No: W. 29205
The projector was built up in 1943, the year is engraved on the projector.
The body is die cast,
with integral texture finished in gray enamel with polished parts.
Presumably the projector was used in Luftwaffe - air force, during the war. The Luftwaffe plate is lost, should be fitted under the Zeiss Ikon logo - as Fl. 140201.

                                  Zeiss Ikon 16mm NoW.29205 adjustment knobs; 10% Pict.1

The projector has  a lot of information drawing on the door: how to thread the film; which points must be often oiled; screen image sizes in meters; lens focal length.

 Zeiss Ikon 16mm NoW.29205 instruction on the front door; 10%Zeiss Ikon 16mm NoW.29205 lens focal lenght ; 10%Pict.2
Feathers of the projectors:
- Lens: Zeiss Ikon A.-G.Dresden; Proj.- Anastigmat “Alinar” 1: 1,4 f=5 cm; the lens is a sleeve fit into the focusing mount.
- Speed: variably speed control: Forward, revers; Slow, fast; on, off - Pict 1.
- Lamp: 100V 500 W prefocuse; A1/7; lamp house easily remove. Control lamp amperage:

           Zeiss Ikon 16mm NoW.29205 light knob; 8% Zeiss Ikon 16mm No29205, amp 8%  Pict. 3
-  Power:   110V or 230 if is the resistance box plugged in. Unfortunately, we do not have a resistance box,

            Zeiss Ikon 16mm NoW.29205 'instruction; 8% Pict. 4 Port for ballast resistor or transformer.
-  Belt drive: V belt drive and four metal chains.
-  The spool capacity: 250 m (800 ft)
-  Sprockets: double teeth sprocket for the silent film; inching knob on the back side of the projector.
-  Claw mechanism: No claw for film transport, but uses a Maltese cross activated sprocket at the bottom of film gate.
-  Shutters: three blades shutter.

           Zeiss Ikon 16mm NoW.29205 three shutter blades; 10%  Pict. 5 three blades shutter
-  Gate:

           Zeiss Ikon 16mm NoW.29205 instruction for the film; 8%  Pict. 6 the gate

-  Silent projector.
- Adjustable feet in the front of the projector.


Zeiss Ikon 16mm NoW.29205 opened the front; 10%


Zeiss Ikon 16mm NoW.29205 the front; 8%

                      The front side of the projector

Zeiss Ikon 16mm NoW.29205 the back; 8%

                      The back side of the projector






Zeiss Ikon - Kinox S 16 mm -  1943
The projector was built up in 1943, the year engraved on the projector, as above model.
The features are the same as the projector described above. The shutter is different, it is two blades shutter.

                      Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.29296; two blades shutter; 10%

The previous owner made an instruction plate, in English language for the running knobs.
Unfortunately, the projector does not have a lens.

 Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.29296; the last owner instruction; 8%Zeiss Ikon 16 mm No W.29296;8%

Production No: W.29296


Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.29296; the back side; 8%






Zeiss Ikon – Model Kinox – S 16 mm silent film projector 16 mm -  1939 (Fl.)
This model - Kinox S silent projector appeared on the English market in 1939. The projector was described in the 1939, Zeiss Ikon catalog, issued in the UK.
As it was produced for the English market, all description on the projector is in English language.
The projector is built and designed in a very futuristic style, at the time of the production.
It is easy to attend to any compartments of the projector.
Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case; lamp comp10%Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220,oil tube with case; (4)10%
Pict 2; Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Model Kinox-S; the front compartment & back; ©Anna Vacani

In the late 30-es in similar way was designed the body of Agfa projector –      Agfa Movector Jso 1938  
16 MM projector.
The instruction book to our projector is in German language, and it was printed in December 1938. However, the projector left the factory in November 1939, as indicates the correction leaflet inserted into the instruction book.
The instruction book is in German language, and has a separate leaflet “Illustrations for the instruction booklet of the Zeiss Ikon 16 mm projector KINOX –S” in 4 languages – German; English, French and Spanish. 
                                                  Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case; Kinox-S; instr10%
  Pict 3; Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Model Kinox-S; instruction& leaflet; ©Anna Vacani

The projector was priced, on the English market as – £ 68, s 10, d 0 (pounds, s=shillings, d=pence). It was a very expensive projector in that time.  
The projector takes film spools for 400 or 800 ft; on the projector door is specified in meters, as “Spool arm catch for 120 m or 250 spools”
The projector is in the case - Pict 1
In the case are: - the projector; the resistance; and many spare parts and tools.
The projector has some special cables with different types of plugs than normally used in England:
- Two pin plugs to fit projector – sometimes named “heat plug”. It was fitted into electric irons and vacuum cleaners before the war.
- Another end of the cable has a two pin plug.
- The plug on the resistance box is four pins three-phase plug – 380V type German manufactured produced. 
Our two other Kinox-S projectors (described above) do not have the resistances.

 Features of the projector
- The body
The body is die casting, which takes the form, when closed of a small metal carrying case.  The case is with exterior integral texture finished in gray enamel with polished parts.
The side with running controls has two doors; one is for access to running films mechanism and other one is for adjusting and replace lamp. The back side has one door along the body. Opening this door it is access to main mechanism, drive belt, lubrication point, and access to changed shutter.
In the first front side inner door is an instruction in English language -  how to operate all mechanism fitted into the projector (Pict.4).

The projector can be fitted with two blades shutter for maximum light output. It can also use three blades shutter when showing silent speed film for less flicker.

- Lubrication
The projector has to be often oiled and lubricated. In many places are some tiny holes, marked in red, and indicated where oil should be inserted. The lubrication should be applied into gear wheel. Over the gear wheel is a tube with a tiny hole. The top screw must be loosened from time to time and checked, whether the pinion (gear wheel) visible in the opening is still sufficiently lubricated.
As the instruction book indicates “If necessary, add some grease from the supplied syringe. A few cubic centimeters will suffice; too much is of evil, since the excess fat is then squeezed out of the bearings. After filling, the screw has to be closed again

Later on, the oil container was redesigned. In our projector, produced in 1943 -Production No: W. 29205 - described above , it looks deferent, comparing to the projector from 1939.
  Zeiss Ikon 16 mm W.72220 - 1939; oil compartment;105  Zeiss Ikon 16 mm W.29205 - 1943 oil cont;10%
Pict 5, 6; Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Model Kinox-S – 1939 &1943; Pict 5 oil tube in 1939; Pict 6 in 1943 ©Anna Vacani

- Lens and optical system
The optical system of the projector consists of the Kinostar = S lens; 1:1, 8 F=5 cm focal length production No. 1350970, in conjunction with an optically worked concave mirror and special condenser (Pict 2) . The lens is a sleeve fit into the focusing mount.

- Lamp
The lamp is kept cool by means of a powerful fan. Inside of the projector, next to the lamp is a plate which informs what a lamp should be fitted into the projector. Our projector takes lamp – A1/7prefocuse cap 100v 500W 5 amp; model that was sold in the UK had the lamp A1/7, 110V, 500W, 4,5amp, according to 1939 catalogue Zeiss.
The projector has a built-in the amperage control for the lamp (Pict 13).

It is very easy to attend to the lamp compartment and exchange the lamp if necessary.
When using with a 100 V 500W lamp set 5 amp or using 110V 500W lamp set 4,5amp, adjust it correctly – in clockwise on the meter, using control (point Nr 13) on rear of the projector. It is possible to adjust only when the projector has been started.

  Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case ; lamp compart; 10%1  Instr Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Kinox-S 2 ;12%
Pict 7; Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Model Kinox-S; Lamp and lamp compartment; Lamp control ©Anna Vacani

- Motor
The Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Kinox-S model projector is running on a resistance with 4 pins plug. It drives on V belt and 4 chains and it has three blades shutter (Pict 2).
The power of the resistance is described on both sides. The symbols applied to the resistor are: “=” direct current, and symbol  ~ as an alternating current.
In order to prevent the changeover of the knob (Pict 8b) to prevent unauthorized persons, the toggle – (on top in the picture) is provided, which releases the path for the changeover of the knob after pulling up.
Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case pict; res3 8% Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case pict; res 8%
Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case pict; res2 10%
  Pict 8a, b, c; Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Model Kinox-S; resistance; ©Anna Vacani

The socket, visible in the picture Pict 7 point Nr 15; is intended for the four-pin plug of the resistor or transformer.
The resistor is designed for both the 375 watt and 500 watt lamps, and can be used with DC and AC power.
The projector has a special feature. It cannot to be switched on until the lamp resistance control, at the back of the projector is turned fully anticlockwise, which unblocks the switch. It is visible in the picture from the instruction – point Nr 8.
   Instr Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Kinox-S ;12%
  Pict 9; Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Model Kinox-S; instruction book; ©Anna Vacani

- Sprockets
The projector has 2 normal sprockets associated with the film input and output. An additional sprocket, like device is at the bottom and it is used as part of the Maltese Crosse film movement.

- The film loading
The instruction of a film loading is fitted on the projector’s door (Pict 4).
The movement of the film through the gate of the projector is controlled by Maltese cross movement, which not only prevents wear and tear on the film, but in addition the time taken to shift the film for each picture is shorter than with the claws method, assists illumination.

The mechanism and history of the Maltese cross described Gerald McKee in his book – “The Home Cinema, CLASSIC HOME MOVIE PROJECTORS 1922 – 1940”.
This mechanism consisted of a star shaped wheel with four arms,   which when
struck by an eccentrically mounted pin advanced a sprocket (sharing the
same spindle as the star wheel), a frame at a time.   The sprocket wheel was in
constant mesh with the film. The whole beauty of the Maltese Cross was that it
was self-locking between its movements: a cam on the striking shaft mating with
the matching curved shape of the star wheel,   during the "still" projection
phase.   Although it was probably the best of all intermittents, it required high
quality engineering in its manufacture, and preferably its moving parts should
be working in an oil bath to lubricate the striking surfaces.   But when well-made
it gave extremely steady projection,   and was the standard intermittent in most
of the 35 mm professional, theatre-size motion picture projectors during the
cinemas' heyday.   It was pioneered by R.W.Paul on his THEATROGRAPH in 1896,
and Thomas Armat - in the States - on his VITASCOPE in 1896 (the projector to be
promoted by Edison as his   PROJECTING KINETOSCOPE).   For home projectors, the
Maltese Cross was often used by Butcher and others for their small 35 mm projectors,
following the theatrical pattern, and - curiously - primitive Maltese Cross
movements were to be seen on toy 35 mm machines for children. When it came to
narrow-gauge projectors, the Maltese Cross was not usually used.    There were
problems with getting an adequate drive, because the non-flam gauges had only
one sprocket hole per frame, against the four of 35 mm.”

The film guide way has to be clean occasionally. Pull out the gate, holding the knurled end ( Pict 10 & 11).
 - Speed
The device has variably speed control; Forward, Reverse, Slow, Fast.
  Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case; (2)10%
Pict 12; Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Model Kinox-S; speed control & control lamp amperage; ©Anna Vacani

- Accessories and spare parts: 
The projector is in the original carrying box well designed. It consists of compartments for:
- the projector; resistance box; cables – power cable and resistance cable with 4 pin plug; screwdriver and  spare parts: two bladed shutter; bottle of Zeiss Ikon special oil – bottle was never opened; magnify glass; concave mirror; objective lens F= 6,5 cm superior Kinon Meyer Goerlitz;  spring belts; motor brushes; cleaning sticks for film gate.

- Tilt  Two tilt adjusters are fitted on the front of the projector.  

- Measurement of projector
Dimension - 6” x 12” x 12 ½”; (406 mm x 304,8mm x 304,8mm); Weight 25 lb = 11.3398 kg.

Production No: W.72220

- Summarizing
It is a very well designed device with stream line appearance. We suppose that the projector was based on a similar style of Agfa Movector 16 mm.
The projector has some intelligent features, as - control switch on;  adjustment for the lamp. These elements prevents damages to the device.  

The description of the projector is based on the owners’ knowledge; instruction book and other cine literature, with special use of Gerald McKee book – “The Home Cinema, CLASSIC HOME MOVIE PROJECTORS 1922 – 1940”- in our library


     Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case pict;10%
Pict 1; Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Model Kinox-S with the case; ©Anna Vacani

Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case; instr 10%

    Pict 4; Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Model Kinox-S; instruction on the door; ©Anna Vacani










































































           Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case; threading10%

                     Zeiss Ikon 16mm No W.72220, with case; Kinox-S; cleaning gate 8%
   Pict 10 & 11; Zeiss Ikon 16 mm Model Kinox-S; guide way & cleaning gate; ©Anna Vacani







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